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Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke Statistics

Ischaemic heart disease and stroke are the world’s biggest killers, accounting for a combined 15.2 million deaths in 2016. These diseases have remained the leading causes of death globally in the last 15 years. 1

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke accounted for 14% of total health expenditures in 2013 – 2014. This is more than any major diagnostic group. 2

Total direct medical costs of CVD are projected to increase to $749 billion in 2035. 2

In 2015, stroke deaths accounted for 11.8% of total deaths worldwide, making stroke the second leading global cause of death behind heart disease. 2

Worldwide, tobacco smoking (including second – hand smoke) was 1 of the top 3 leading risk factors for disease and contribut ed to an estimated 7.2 million deaths in 2015. 2

Worldwide, between 1980 and 2013, the proportion of overweight or obese adults increased from 28.8 percent to 36.9 percent among males and from 29.8 percent to 38.0 percent among females. 2

In 2015, an estimated 5.2 million deaths were attributed to diabetes globally. This represents a mortality rate of 82.4 per 100,000. 2

It is estimated that there will be 642 million people with diabetes in 2040. 2

Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by add ressing behavioural risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol using population – wide strategies. 1

People with cardiovascular disease or who are at high cardiovascular risk (due to the prese nce of one or more risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia or already established disease) need early detection and management using counselling and medicines, as appropriate. 1